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MONTESSORI COLOUR CODED CONTINENTS AND HOW TO USE THEM AT HOME

When teaching geography, we begin with the big picture (the Universe) and narrow in until we are focusing on community, family, home, and ourselves. Developmentally this is more appropriate, and it helps the child understand where they fit into the grand scheme of things.


Geography in Montessori is split into two areas:

  1. Physical geography (how the world is made)

  2. Cultural/political (how humans fit into the world)

When teaching geography, we begin with the big picture (the Universe) and narrow in until we are focusing on community, family, home, and ourselves. Developmentally this is more appropriate, and it helps the child understand where they fit into the grand scheme of things. We start with globes, maps, and physical representations of the earth and gradually move on to the great stories.


When teaching geography in Montessori, we use a colour-coded system for the continents. This helps the children remember each continent easier using visual stimulation. This colour coding system is kept throughout the geography materials, the continent globe, world maps, continent boxes and any supplementary materials.



Montessori Map Colors

Africa - green

Antarctica - white

Asia - yellow

Europe - red

Oceania/Australiasia - brown

North America - orange

South America - pink


SOURCING EQUIPMENT


Once the child has been presented with the sandpaper globe, which gives a tactile experience of understanding land and oceans, you can then introduce the continents globe.


Finding affordable Montessori equipment as a homeschooler can be challenging but the continent globe is easy enough to DIY with a bit of paint. Usually, the continents on a store-bought Montessori globe are raised, so if possible, use thick paint to give the same experience.


Consideration should be made when buying a world map poster, making sure it falls in line with the Montessori colour coding otherwise, it will confuse the students.


The same goes for puzzle maps; if you find an inexpensive puzzle map that doesn’t match the system, give it a quick paint job.


CONTINENT BOXES